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Economy, tax incentives & labor conditions
Export Processing Zones are beginning to develop, particularly in the port of Tangiers and in Casablanca. Many of the companies in these zones are operating illegally. The companies concerned are often small production units (in the textile or food sectors) and are failing to declare their employees and pay them the minimum wage. Sub-contracting is increasingly common, making union organising particularly difficult.
Many workers’ rights abuses still occur in the garment industry, where over 70 per cent of employees are women, and most are under 30. As soon as workers try to form a trade union, its members are dismissed or even arrested. Strike action in particular is met with rapid reprisals, in the form of both dismissals and legal action.
Restrictions in the law continue to be used to repress strikes, particularly by women in the textile industry, some of whom faced legal action. There were also mass dismissals for industrial action, in both the textile industry and on a farm producing flowers for export. One trade unionist was killed during the violent police repression of a protest march.
Minimum wage noted (US$/day)
2008 27 US$/day at/for Ubisoft Entertainment S.A