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Attempts to organise workers on Ecuador's banana plantations have met with systematic and often severe repression. Ecuadorian trade unions have constantly denounced the terrible working conditions of the banana plantation workers. The workers are paid very low wages and are exposed to various chemical substances when working on the plantations during aerial pesticide fumigation. Child labour is widespread in this sector. About 98 per cent of workers are employed by sub-contractors, making it easier for employers to avoid their legal obligations.
Most workers are too afraid to organise. Despite the appalling conditions they need their jobs. Only seven of Ecuador's 6,000 banana plantations are unionised. Those who attempt to organise lose their jobs and are blacklisted.
Workers in Ecuador’s flower companies are too afraid to organise because their employers threaten to fire them if they do. As a result, of the country’s 500 flower companies, only three have unions. It is common practise for workers who organise, or attempt to do so, to be put on lists that are shared with other companies, with a warning that they should not be hired.
Zona Franca de Cuenca - ZOFRAC
Zona Franca de El Oro (ZOFRAORO S.A.)
Zona Franca de Esmeraldas - ZOFREE
Zona Franca de Manabí - ZOFRAMA S.A.
Zona Franca de Manta - ZOFRAMANTA
Zona Franca del Centro Ecuatoriano - ZOFRACENE
Zona Franca del Guayas - ZOFRAGUA
Zona Franca del Pacífico - ZOFRAPACIFIC
Zona Franca Metropolitana (METROZONA S.A.)
Main violations of the human rights and dirty money laundering